The Chardonnay GrapeGenetic studies have identified Chardonnay as a cross between Pinot Noir and Gouais Blanc. Historical references note California plantings of Chardonnay dating back to the late 1800s, but production remained limited because of the grape's low yields. Most Chardonnay vineyards were uprooted during Prohibition when growers replaced them with thick-skinned varieties that could be shipped cross country. Small plantings in the Livermore Valley and Santa Cruz Mountains survived Prohibition. It was not until the 1970s and thereafter that Chardonnay plantings boomed as the wine became increasingly popular.
Top 10 California Counties for Chardonnay Acreage, 2014
|County||2014 Total Acres|
|San Luis Obispo||3,172|
California Chardonnay Grape Crush Tonnage
Source: California Agricultural Statistics Service
Revised on Oct 30, 2015